But what about Iran?
December 5, 2000
The United States and 32 other nations have agreed to tighten the export
portable air defense systems, the State Department announced Tuesday.
The agreement sets "comprehensive and strict controls on the export"
missiles, known as "Man-Portable Air Defense Systems," according to
statement from U.S. State Department Spokesman Richard Boucher.
Included in the agreement are surface-to-air missiles such as the Stingers
The agreement is the product of a two-year joint effort by the State
Department and the Pentagon, and marks the first accord to place multilateral
controls on the shoulder-fired anti-aircraft missiles. Boucher said
multilateral controls are similar to those already used in the United
The countries participating in the agreement all belong to the 33-nation
Wassenaar Arrangement, which comprises most of the world's major arms
The group was established by the Clinton administration in 1996 to promote
"transparency, responsibility and restraint" in international transfers
conventional arms and sensitive dual-use items.
Countries participating in the new missile agreement will secure guarantees
of end-users of the weapons from recipient governments, as well as
of proper security procedures for their handling and storage.
Boucher said the agreement "will make America and the world safer" by
the missiles out of the hands of "terrorists and outlaws," and will
the threat of illegal black market acquisitions for use against US
aircraft and international peacekeepers.
The countries that make up the Wassenaar Agreement are Argentina, Australia,
Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland,
Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, Netherlands,
Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Romania, Russian
Federation, Slovak Republic, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine,
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